Sunday, March 25, 2018

We learn nothing about nutrition, claim medical students



Medical students say they currently learn almost nothing about the way diet and lifestyle affect health - and they should be taught more.
They say what they are taught is not practical or relevant to most of the medical problems they see in GP surgeries, clinics and hospitals.
A leading GP estimated that up to 80% of his patients had conditions linked to lifestyle and diet.
These included obesity, type 2 diabetes and depression.
Why does this lack of training matter?
This year the NHS will spend more than £11bn on diabetes alone - social care costs, time off work etc, will almost double that bill.
Type 2 diabetes - the most common kind - is linked to obesity. And right now Britain is the fat man of Europe.

Training too traditional

But doctors are not being trained to deal with what medics call non-communicable diseases - and it's those kind of illnesses that are threatening to bankrupt our health system, so a new kind of training is crucial.
Speaking to BBC Radio 4's The Food Programme, Dr Rangan Chatterjee, authorand podcast host, told me: "The health landscape of the UK has dramatically changed over the last 30 or 40 years and I think the bulk of what I see as a GP now - almost 80% - is in some way driven by our collective lifestyles."
Dr Michael Mosley, presenter of BBC One's Trust Me I'm A Doctor, said, "Unfortunately it's not part of the traditional training. At medical school I learnt almost nothing about nutrition. And I have a son at medical school and it's again not part of his key curriculum.
"So I don't get the sense that there are lots of doctors out there who feel empowered to tell patients much about nutrition."
A hotbed of the new revolution is Bristol University where, in 2017, third year medical students Ally Jaffee and Iain Broadley founded Nutritank.
It's an online organisation created for and by medical students to share nutrition science research and organises events and lectures on campus.
This summer, it will welcome GP, author and podcast host Dr Rupy Aujla to Bristol to lead the first UK course in culinary medicine for medical students.
From one society in Bristol, Nutritank has now spread to 15 other student-led groups at universities across the country.

'It's time'

Ally Jaffee said: "There's just about a society at medical school in everything from sexual health to orthopaedics to dermatology. But there just wasn't a nutrition and lifestyle or a preventative medicine society.
"We're taught about 10 to 24 hours over five to six years in medical school on nutrition."
This month, the British Medical Journal announced it will launch a journal on the science and politics of nutrition in June 2018.
Dr Fiona Godlee, editor-in-chief of the BMJ, told me, "It's time we recognised that food and nutrition are core to health. There is a growing body of research out there that needs to be published - and we want to contribute to that effort."

She said the same levels of quality and scrutiny should be applied to food science that are applied to other areas of health research.
The BMJ's announcement follows an opinion piece it published in October 2017 written by two University of Cambridge graduate medical students, Kate Womersley and Katherine Ripullone.
Kate said: "I was in an obesity clinic as part of my medical shadowing.
"A patient came in and said very frankly to the doctor, the consultant in charge, 'Why am I so fat?'.
"The patient was asking a very straightforward question and I think was expecting a straightforward answer. But often that's a question where doctors seem to clam up a bit.
"We were interested to write this piece for the BMJ, because we didn't feel prepared to be receiving that question."

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Medical schools in the UK are responsible for setting their own curriculum with guidance and standards published by the General Medical Council.
The GMC is now reviewing that guidance but so far it's been very general. It told us that it recognises the significance of the impact of diet and nutrition on health and wellbeing and has sought to express this more explicitly in its revised "outcomes" that will be released this summer.
Things are also beginning to change at medical schools. University of Cambridge told us it plans to double the amount of core course content on nutrition and has asked Kate and Katherine to help.
Similarly, Bristol medical school has sought input from students to redesign its curriculum.
Meanwhile, Prof Sumantra Ray of NNedPro Global Centre for Nutrition and Health told us his organisation is involved in rolling out training in diet and nutrition for student doctors by 2020.
Kate said: "Students need to see nutrition as something at the cutting edge of scientific discovery.
"I think there needs to be an image change of how doctors perceive nutrition, but also how it's presented to students."
You can hear more about this story on The Food Programme on Radio 4 at 12:32 BST on Sunday or on iPlayer afterwards.



Monday, March 19, 2018

Being In A Relationship Makes You Fat, Science Confirms


Bad news for all you loved up couples out there, it seems being in a relationship makes you put on weight.
According to scientists at the Central Queensland University in Australia, people in relationships, on average, weigh more than single people.


They theorise this is because when you’re loved up, you don’t need to impress anyone and basically people don’t worry about their weight as much.

The studies lead scientist, Stephanie Schoeppe, told NewScientist:
When couples don’t need to look attractive and slim to attract a partner, they may feel more comfortable in eating more or eating more foods high in fat and sugar.
When couples have children in the household, they tend to eat the children’s leftovers or snacks.
Interestingly though, people in relationships don’t tend to eat any more unhealthily than single folks.

The study, which assessed 10 years of data from 15,000 participants, found couples consumed more fruit and vegetables and tended to steer clear of fast food, alcohol and cigarettes.
Their analysis of the data also showed couples and singletons, on average, completed the same amount of exercise and sedentary behaviour.
So why do couples weigh more?

Well, Dr Jerica Berge, from the University of Minnesota, believes date nights and romantic dinners out are responsible.
She said the social behaviour in marriage commonly revolves around eating occasions.
Unfortunately, for all the single people out their, people in loving relationships do apparently benefit from being together



Research has found people who were married were 10-15 per cent less likely to die prematurely than the population as a whole – possibly because if you’re in a long-term relationship, you’ve got someone else looking out for your health?
Couples also tend to be wealthier than singletons. Research by Jay Zagorsky, at Ohio State University, suggests married couples have roughly double the wealth of those who never marry, or four times the wealth if you consider their combined household income.
On average, married people also tend to be happier, less lonely and have better sex than singletons.
Fortunately, singles do have one advantage over happy couples, they’re less likely to become depressed in middle age, the period when married people are most likely to question where their lives are going.

Saturday, March 10, 2018

Research reveals: What happens to your body if you eat two eggs a day

What do eggs contain
Plenty, as it happens. Eggs contain vitamins A, D and E, as well as B12, riboflavin and folate. On top of that, you’ll find minerals such as iodine, iron, calcium, zinc and selenium. I know, right, lots!
Eggs and cholesterol
You might have heard that eggs are bad for you because they contain cholesterol?
Wrong. There’s certainly cholesterol in eggs, but it’s not the horribly bad for you, get into the blood type cholesterol. You shouldn’t be worrying about cholesterol in eggs, or so says dietary expert Jennie Nyenvik of Swedish site Aftonbladet.

1. Lose weight with eggs
Studies show that a protein rich breakfast can actually help you with weight loss.
According to research, a low-calorie diet, combined with a regular dose of eggs for breakfast, can help you lose weight twice as fast.
Also, keep in mind that eggs can help make you feel full for longer, meaning that they’re useful towards lowering your calorie intake overall.
2. Eggs strengthen your immune system
Given that most people are just emerging from the winter months – you may have been sneezing and coughing for the past few weeks – right about now is the perfect time to say that eggs can bolster your immune system.
Studies have shown that just two eggs a day can help protect from infections, viruses and general illness.
An egg contains 22% of the recommended daily intake of selenium; an element well known for bolstering you immune system.
3. Better memory
Have you ever heard of the amino acid choline? It affects the nerve signals that help us to remember the little things day to day – take, for example, where you left your keys or wallet.
According to research, additional supplements of choline can improve memory and responsiveness.
4. A wonder for your eyes
Lutein helps your eyes to maintain clear and sharp vision. New research has shown that chicken eggs are rich in lutein, and so beneficial for your peepers.
Luten is produced naturally by your eyes, and protects the retina from being damaged.

5. Counteracting depression
Vitamin D can be difficult to obtain in winter, what with the sun doing its best to hide. However, eggs can actually help you get it. Vitamin D is, of course, enormously helpful towards the PH balance of our teeth and the strength of our bones in general.
Vitamin D can also be of assistance in counteracting depression!
6. Strengthening the skeleton
When you eat eggs you get calcium, which is important for strengthening your skeleton and preventing osteoporosis.
7. Good for the blood
Eggs contain plenty of folate, which is a type of vitamin B necessary for the formation of new red blood cells.
People lacking in folate can be at risk of anaemia. Folate is also important when it comes to foetuses developing properly in the womb. Good to know for those soon-to-be mothers out there.

8. Anti-ageing
As previously stated, eggs contain amino acids that help to build and regenerate cells. This can aid anti-ageing when it comes to your appearance.
As we get older, our need for vitamin D is doubled. The recommendation for people over the age of 60 is 10 micrograms. One egg can yield approximately 0.7 micrograms.
9. Reduced heart risk
Researchers from Canada have discovered a clear connection between egg-dense foods and a reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases and certain cancers, writes Feel Good.
The secret to this? Eggs have two important antioxidants in them: tryptophan and tyrosine.
People with bad LDL (low-density lipoprotein) levels are at greater risk of heart problems. Apparently, eggs can actually boost LDL numbers and therefore lower the risk of heart-related issues.
10. Building muscle
Many people looking to add muscle mass choose to consume plenty of eggs – they do it for a reason.
Eggs are packed full of protein, which is, of course, crucial for those looking to bulk up their frame.
11. Protects the skin, hair and nails
Amongst their abundance of other properties, eggs also contain plenty of B vitamins and omega 3 fatty acids. These help you to keep healthy skin, hair and nails.

I’m sure you already knew eggs were good for you, but perhaps now you’ll look at eggs in a new light.
Please hit the share button below, so that more people can learn about the health benefits eating eggs bring. With Easter just around the corner, what better time to start your new egg routine? 

Thursday, December 14, 2017

7 Teeth Whitening Products That Actually Work, According To Dentists

7 Teeth Whitening Products That Actually Work, According To Dentists



As we age, our teeth naturally become more yellow, while the likes of coffee, tea and red wine can leave stains on our gnashers.
But thankfully there are plenty of ways to brighten our smiles without having to resort to pricey dental surgery treatments. Instead, opting for a DIY kit can give you a brighter, whiter smile and remove stubborn stains with ease. But which one should you go for?
These days there are a variety of methods to choose from so it’s super-easy to find one that works for you and your lifestyle. Whitening toothpastes can be used just like regular formulas but contain mild abrasives and gentle polishing agents to remove stains.
Alternatively, you can use a tray-based teeth whitenener, which involves the use of a mouth guard and a gel-based whitening solution. While some of these are one-off treatments, others need to be used twice a day for up to two weeks.
For best results, in-office dental treatments are recommended as at-home kits are restricted to lower concentrations of whitening ingredients like peroxide. But, for modest improvements tray kits are your next best option.
It’s also important to make sure you understand the risks of using a teeth whitener and these should be listed on the product you’re about to buy. As a general rule though, when using tray kits always make sure the mouth guard fits properly as any leaking gel can cause blistering and sensitivity to your lips and gums.
Here’s our pick of the best teeth-whitening tools that will give you pearly whites, without costing you a fortune.

1. iWhite Instant Teeth Whitening Advanced Kit

iwhite-advanced-kit.jpg
This kit from iWhite includes 10 pre-filled trays, a tooth polisher, toothpaste and a mouthwash, which all work together to rebuild enamel and remove stains. The whitening kit itself is one of the easiest to use as the trays come already filled with the gel and fit securely onto the front and back of your teeth, helping to keep saliva pooling to a minimum. After wearing for 20 minutes, our tester said their teeth already looked whiter and reported fantastic results after using for five consecutive days. The toothpaste and mouthwash can be used daily to maintain effectiveness while the polisher can be used as and when needed to remove any plaque build-up.
Buy now

2. Pearl Drops Instant Natural White Charcoal Toothpaste

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If you don’t like the idea of using mouth trays, then whitening toothpaste could be the best option for you. Our favourite has to be this purple paste from Pearl Drops, which taps into the beauty world’s obsession with charcoal as an ingredient. Working to remove impurities, the formula uses a combination of detoxifying charcoal, fluoride and plaque removers to boost stain removal. While the purple colouring can be a bit off-putting at first, the end result leaves your teeth looking brighter and with an instant sparkle, but it does need consistent use over a period of weeks to notice any real difference in shade.
Buy now

3. Luster Pro Light Teeth Whitening System

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Developed by dentists, this system works the same way as most other kits but with the added benefit of a whitening light that helps to speed up the entire process. To use, apply the whitening solution to pre-treat teeth, brush each tooth with the activator gel and then apply the light for two minutes (it has an automatic shut off timer which is handy).Unlike other kits that need to be used within a certain time frame, this one comes with three options so you can work it around your lifestyle. You can use over two days with 10 treatments each day, during week days with four treatments a day or over a full week with two to three treatments. Our tester decided to complete the suggested 20 treatments over two days and reported teeth that looked visibly whiter. We also love the fact that it comes with a colour chart where you can record its effectiveness.
Buy now

4. Rapid White 1 Week Tooth Whitening System

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This kit is very simple to use. It comes with two easy-to-use mouth trays that can be customised to fit your teeth, a tube of whitening gel, an accelerator fluid and a tube of Rapid White toothpaste. After applying the accelerator directly to your teeth using a sponge applicator, you simply pop the gel-filled trays into your mouth and leave them for five to 10 minutes before brushing your teeth with the toothpaste. Our tester found the trays comfortable to wear and was delighted with the results, even after just a few days – half the recommended treatment time – as it left teeth visibly whiter and cleaner.
Buy now

5. Philips Sonicare DiamondClean Rechargeable Sonic Toothbrush, Rose Gold

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A toothbrush that whitens your teeth might sound like a trick but this one really does work. It features five brushing modes: Clean, Sensitive, Gum Care, White and Polish. It claims to whiten teeth more than two times better than a manual toothbrush. After using just once, our tester reported a squeaky clean feeling and they noticed a visible difference in whiteness after a few weeks use. This might be at the higher end of the price scale but if you’re looking to invest in a product that you can use everyday this is the one for you.
Buy now

6. Diamond Whites, Home Whitening Kit

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The Diamond Whites system comes with two mouth trays that, after soaking in hot water, you can mould to the exact shape of your teeth, helping to cover the teeth properly and reduce saliva pooling. Once that’s done, fill the tray with the provided gel, leave on for 20 to 30 minutes and brush with the whitening toothpaste. Our tester found that this kit helped remove stubborn stains from discoloured teeth and after a few uses definitely took their whiteness up a notch. We also love that this kit comes with a top-up whitening pen to maintain your smile, which only takes 10 to 12 minutes to develop. Ideal just before a night out.
Buy now

7. Superdrug Fourteen Day Whitening Kit: £8.99, Superdrug 

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Easy to use, this three-step system is a gentle 14-day treatment that will help you get a perfect smile. To use, apply the accelerator fluid to your teeth, fill the supplied mouth tray with whitening gel and hold firmly in place for five to 10 minutes by biting down. Finish by brushing your teeth with the whitening toothpaste. Unlike other kits, the mouth tray fits over both sets of teeth at once and is a little harder to place but for a high street option that’s super-affordable it manages to hold its own, whitening our tester’s teeth by a couple of shades over the two-week period.
Buy now

The Verdict: Teeth-whitening kits 

For a multi-purpose system, we recommend investing in iWhite’s Advanced Kit that includes everything you need for whiter teeth in a matter of days. The mouth trays were also the least messy and most comfortable to wear. We also have to recommend the Philips Sonicare DiamondClean toothbrush and Pearl Drops Charcoal toothpaste; individually they’re great, but together will make a quick difference to your smile.
IndyBest product reviews are unbiased, independent advice you can trust. On some occasions, we earn revenue if you click the links and buy the products, but we never allow this to bias our coverage. The reviews are compiled through a mix of expert opinion and real-world testing.

Saturday, December 2, 2017

Exclusive: First U.S. Baby Born After a Uterus Transplant


or the first time in the United States, a woman who was born without a uterus gave birth to a baby. The landmark birth took place at Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas, a part of Baylor Scott & White, TIME reports exclusively.
“We’ve been preparing for this moment for a very long time,” says Dr. Liza Johannesson, an ob-gyn and uterus transplant surgeon at Baylor. “I think everyone had tears in their eyes when the baby came out. I did for sure.” The woman and her husband asked that their identity not be revealed in order to protect their privacy

The birth took place at Baylor — the first birth in the hospital’s ongoing uterus transplant clinical trial. Women who participate in the trial have what’s called absolute uterine factor infertility (AUI), which means their uterus is nonfunctioning or nonexistent. Most of the women in the trial have a condition called Mayer-Rokitansky-K├╝ster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome — and have lived their entire lives under the assumption that they would never be able to be pregnant or give birth to a baby. The procedure could also work for women with other medical issues, such as certain cancers.
“We do transplants all day long,” says Dr. Giuliano Testa, the leader of the uterus transplant clinical trial at Baylor, and surgical chief of abdominal transplant for Baylor Annette C. and Harold C. Simmons Transplant Institute. “This is not the same thing. I totally underestimated what this type of transplant does for these women. What I’ve learned emotionally, I do not have the words to describe.”
The birth was a scheduled Caesarean section, and most members of the multidisciplinary clinical trial team were present. The baby was delivered healthy and screaming. “I’ve delivered a lot of babies, but this one was special,” says Dr. Robert T. Gunby Jr., the obstetrician and gynecologist who delivered the baby. “When I started my career we didn’t even have sonograms. Now we are putting in uteruses from someone else and getting a baby.”
The moment Dr. Gunby first held up the baby was emotional for many members of the medical team. “Outside my own children, this is the most excited I’ve ever been about any baby being born,” says Dr. Gregory J. McKenna, a transplant surgeon at Baylor. “I just started to cry.”

A donor’s gift

Taylor Siler, 36, a registered nurse in the Dallas area, donated her uterus to the woman who recently gave birth. Siler wasn’t always certain she wanted to have children, but she says deciding to get pregnant was one of her best decisions. “Once they lay that baby in your arms,” Siler says. “Your life changes forever.”
Siler, who has two boys aged 6 and 4, came across a news segment about Baylor’s uterus transplant program. She and her husband had already decided they were not going to have any more children, and she wanted to offer someone else a shot at motherhood. “I have family members who struggled to have babies, and it’s not fair,” says Siler. “I just think that if we can give more people that option, that’s an awesome thing.”

Siler went through extensive screening about both her physical and mental health before getting approval for the trial. Participating required surgery and about 12 weeks of recovery. Baylor says it typically takes about five hours for the wombs to be removed from the living donors, and another five to transplant.
Though she did not know the woman who received her uterus, Siler and the recipient exchanged letters on the day of the surgery, and the recipient sent Siler another letter to let her know when she was pregnant. Baylor informed Siler this week that the woman had given birth. “I’ve just been crying and getting teary thinking about it, “ says Siler, who had not yet met the new mother when she spoke to TIME. “I think about her every day and I probably will for the rest of my life.”

How a uterus transplant works

The women in the clinical trial are transplanted with a uterus from either a living or deceased donor. The woman who gave birth received her transplant from Siler, who was a so-called “altruistic” living donor: a stranger who volunteered to donate her uterus to a woman without one. So far, Baylor says they’ve had over 70 women express interest in donating their uterus.
Baylor will complete a total of 10 uterus transplants as part of its first trial. So far the hospital has completed eight. At least three have failed. The hospital has confirmed to Time that there is another woman in the trial who is pregnant, using a living donor uterus.
The baby's father rests his hand on the child.
The baby's father rests his hand on the child.
Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas.
Baylor’s uterus transplant program is one of a handful to launch in the United States in recent years, and it’s the first to use both living and deceased donors. Successful uterus transplants from live donors have taken place in Sweden — a medical team at Sahlgrenska University Hospital in Gothenburg pioneered the first uterus transplant trial that resulted in eight births. This first birth at Baylor is the first to replicate that success.


Dr. Johannesson was part of the original uterus transplant team and has since moved to Texas in order to work on the Baylor program. “We were very proud of the first birth in Sweden,” she says. “But this birth is what’s going to make the field grow, because this is the first time this has been replicated anywhere else. This step is equally, if not even more, important.”
The recipients in the clinical trial are between the ages of 20 to 35, and the donors must be between ages 30 to 60. “When you donate a kidney, you do it to help someone live longer and get off dialysis,” says Dr. Testa. “For these women, they are donating an experience.”
Most of the women in the trial have moved to the Dallas area in order to undergo the procedures and the many follow up visits and tests. Once the women in the trial are transplanted with the uterus, they wait to recover and achieve menstruation, usually about four weeks from transplant. Women whose transplant is successful can then attempt in vitro fertilization (IVF). (The women in the trial have functioning ovaries that are not attached to their wombs, which is why IVF is required to get pregnant.)
Uterus transplants are expensive, with some estimates putting the cost at up to $500,000. Like other infertility treatments, it’s very rare that an insurance company would cover the procedure, which is largely viewed as elective. Baylor covered the cost of the first 10 transplants in the clinical trial, but the medical team is now seeking funding—largely through donations from institutions and private donors—in order to continue. The team says many more transplants need to be done before it could be provided as a standard treatment. “The reality is that it’s going to be very difficult for many women to afford this,” says Testa.
The baby's feet in the father's hands.
The baby's feet in the father's hands.
Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas

Renewed hope

Last year, when Baylor began the trial, Testa told TIME that the study would not be deemed a success unless the transplants resulted in a birth. Compared to other transplants that he regularly performs, like liver or kidneys, where surgeons know within minutes if the organ is working, Testa says waiting through the pregnancy after uterus transplant can feel excruciating.
I was already nervous when my wife was pregnant, and this felt worse, like it was my pregnancy,” says Testa.
Since the procedure requires an otherwise healthy person to undergo multiple surgeries and take powerful medication, women in uterus transplant trials often say they experience comments from people asking why they don’t opt for surrogacy or adoption. “A lot of people underestimate the impact that infertility can have on a person’s wellbeing,” says Johannesson. “It can have such a profound impact.”
Baylor says they do not view uterus transplants as a replacement for other approaches like adoption or surrogacy, but as another option for women and their partners.
Baylor will continue to follow the health of the baby as part of the study. The goal is for the birth to mark the beginning of a new field of infertility treatment research, rather than be an outlier.
“For the girl who is getting the [infertility] diagnosis now, it’s not hopeless,” says Kristin Posey Wallis, a uterine transplant nurse at Baylor who works closely with women and their donors. “There’s hope.”
source : here

Wednesday, November 29, 2017

12 tips for successful weight loss


  1. The desire to lose weight must come from the individual. If you're truly ambivalent about making changes in your lifestyle or are doing this to please someone else, you're likely to fail. When making changes, decide what's right for your lifestyle. Your best friend's diet and exercise plan may be completely wrong for your health habits and interests. The key is to find a system that works for you.
  2. Don't blame yourself if you aren't perfect. If you once fail at your attempt to curtail your overeating, it doesn't mean you are a failure at weight control and that you should just give up. Accept that you made a poor choice, but don't let that poor choice influence the rest of your meal plan. The same holds true with exercise. Skipping a few workouts doesn't mean you can't get back on track. Weight control does not involve making perfect choices all the time; rather it's about attempting to make good health choices more often than poor ones.
  3. Don't go hungry. Make sure not to skip meals, and always have some healthy low fat snacks on hand. When you starve yourself, you are more likely to overeat and make bad food choices. Try to eat healthy, regular meals.
  4. Avoid surroundings where you know you're tempted to make poor food choices. Everyone has a time when we're most likely to overeat, whether it's the morning coffee break or after-work gathering with friends. Try to plan other activities or distractions for those times, or plan in advance how you're going to handle them and stick to it.
  5. Surround yourself with people who support your efforts. Even our good friends can knowingly or unknowingly sabotage weight-loss attempts. Spend time with those people who will not pressure you to make poor food choices.
  6. Decide on some nonfood rewards for yourself when you reach interim goals. For examples, at the end of the first week of healthy eating or after the first 5 pounds lost, buy yourself a new DVD, app, or book.
  7. If you have a slip-up, this is no reason to give up. Giving in to temptation and overeating doesn't have to mean the end of your healthy eating plan. After the overeating episode, just resume the healthy eating plan and forgive yourself.
  8. Stock your pantry and refrigerator with healthy foods. Get rid of the high-calorie, low-nutrition snacks like chips and candy. But don't forget to have plenty of healthier options available as well, such as popcorn (hold the butter, try Parmesan cheese sprinkles), low-fat cheese and yogurt, fruit, instant cocoa without added sugar, sugar-free popsicles or puddings, or whatever appeals to you when you're hungry for a snack.
  9. Study the Internet or your cookbook collection and identify some low fat recipes you would like to try.
  10. Set small goals and focus on these rather than the "big picture." Decide where you want to be in a week or in a month rather than focusing on the total amount of weight you'd like to lose.
  11. Don't compare your weight loss to others. Everyone is different and has different metabolic rates. People also vary in the amount of calories they burn daily or how much exercise they do. Aim for a healthy rate of weight loss, and don't measure yourself by what others are doing or their results.
  12. Seek out restaurants and venues where you can stay on track. Many restaurants offer nutritional information and calorie content on their menus, and it's often possible to modify your choices. Get the salad dressing on the side or hold the butter. Substitute vegetables for fried foods. Even starting the meal with a green salad can make you eat less of the high-calorie main dish while adding some vitamins and fiber to the meal.

Monday, November 20, 2017

12 Popular Weight Loss Pills and Supplements Reviewed

There are many different weight loss solutions out there.
This includes all sorts of pills, drugs and natural supplements.
These are claimed to help you lose weight, or at least make it easier to lose weight combined with other methods.
They tend to work via one or more of these mechanisms:
  1. Reduce appetite, making you feel more full so that you eat fewer calories
  2. Reduce absorption of nutrients like fat, making you take in fewer calories
  3. Increase fat burning, making you burn more calories
Here are the 12 most popular weight loss pills and supplements, reviewed by science.

1. Garcinia Cambogia Extract
 

Garcinia cambogia became popular worldwide after being featured on the Dr. Oz show in 2012.
It is a small, green fruit, shaped like a pumpkin.
The skin of the fruit contains hydroxycitric acid (HCA). This is the active ingredient in garcinia cambogia extract, which is marketed as a diet pill.
How it works: Animal studies show that it can inhibit a fat-producing enzyme in the body and increase levels of serotonin, potentially helping to reduce cravings (1, 2).
Effectiveness: One study with 130 people compared garcinia against a dummy pill. There was no difference in weight or body fat percentage between groups (3).
A 2011 review that looked at 12 studies on garcinia cambogia found that, on average, it caused weight loss of about 2 pounds (0.88 kg) over several weeks (4).
Side effects: There are no reports of serious side effects, but some reports of mild digestive problems.

2. Hydroxycut
 

Buy now: Hydroxycut

Hydroxycut has been around for more than a decade, and is currently one of the most popular weight loss supplements in the world.
There are several different types, but the most common one is simply called "Hydroxycut."
How it works: It contains several ingredients that are claimed to help with weight loss, including caffeine and a few plant extracts.
Effectiveness: One study showed that it caused 21 lbs (9.5 kg) of weight loss over a 3 month period (5).
Side effects: If you are caffeine sensitive, you may experience anxiety, jitteriness, tremors, nausea, diarrhea and irritability

3. Caffeine
 
 

Caffeine is the most commonly consumed psychoactive substance in the world (6).
It is found naturally in coffee, green tea and dark chocolate, and added to many processed foods and beverages.
Caffeine is a well known metabolism booster, and is often added to commercial weight loss supplements.
How it works: Short-term studies have shown that caffeine can boost metabolism by 3-11%, and increase fat burning by up to 29% (7, 8, 9, 10).
Effectiveness: There are also some studies showing that caffeine can cause modest weight loss in humans (11, 12).
Side effects: In some people, high amounts of caffeine can cause anxiety, insomnia, jitteriness, irritability, nausea, diarrhea and other symptoms. Caffeine is also addictive and can reduce the quality of your sleep.
There really is no need to take a supplement or a pill with caffeine in it. The best sources are quality coffee and green tea, which also have antioxidants and other health benefits

Buy nowCaffeine

4. Orlistat (Alli)
 

Orlistat is a pharmaceutical drug, sold over-the-counter under the name Alli, and under prescription as Xenical.
How it works: This weight loss pill works by inhibiting the breakdown of fat in the gut, making you take in fewer calories from fat.
Effectiveness: According to a big review of 11 studies, orlistat can increase weight loss by 6 pounds (2.7 kg) compared to a dummy pill (13).
Other benefits: Orlistat has been shown to reduce blood pressure slightly, and reduced the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 37% in one study (14, 15).
Side effects: This drug has many digestive side effects, including loose, oily stools, flatulence, frequent bowel movements that are hard to control, and others. It may also contribute to deficiency in fat-soluble vitamins, such as vitamins A, D, E and K.
It is usually recommended to follow a low-fat diet while taking orlistat, in order to minimize side effects.
Interestingly, a low carb diet (without drugs) has been shown to be as effective as both orlistat and a low-fat diet combined (16).

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5. Raspberry Ketones
 

Raspberry ketone is a substance found in raspberries, which is responsible for their distinct smell.
A synthetic version of raspberry ketones is sold as a weight loss supplement.
How it works: In isolated fat cells from rats, raspberry ketones increase breakdown of fat and increase levels of a hormone called adiponectin, believed to be related to weight loss (17).
Effectiveness: There is not a single study on raspberry ketones in humans, but one rat study using massive doses showed that they reduced weight gain (18).
Side effects: They may cause your burps to smell like raspberries.

 Buy now: Raspberry Ketones

 

6. Green Coffee Bean Extract
 

Green coffee beans are simply normal coffee beans that haven't been roasted.
They contain two substances believed to help with weight loss, caffeine and chlorogenic acid.
How it works: Caffeine can increase fat burning, and chlorogenic acid can slow the breakdown of carbohydrates in the gut.
Effectiveness: Several human studies have shown that green coffee bean extract can help people lose weight
A review of 3 studies found that the supplement made people lose 5.4 more pounds (2.5 kg) than placebo, a dummy pill
Other benefits: Green coffee bean extract may help lower blood sugar levels, and reduce blood pressure. It is also high in antioxidants
Side effects: It can cause the same side effects as caffeine. The chlorogenic acid in it may also cause diarrhea, and some people may be allergic to green coffee beans

Buy now: Green Coffee Bean Extract


 

7. Glucomannan
 

Glucomannan is a type of fiber found in the roots of the elephant yam, also called konjac.
How it works: Glucomannan absorbs water and becomes gel-like. It "sits" in your gut and promotes a feeling of fullness, helping you eat fewer calories
Effectiveness: Three human studies showed that glucomannan, combined with a healthy diet, can help people lose 8-10 pounds (3.6-4.5 kg) of weight in 5 weeks
Other benefits: Glucomannan is a fiber that can feed the friendly bacteria in the intestine. It can also lower blood sugar, blood cholesterol and triglycerides, and is very effective against constipation
Side effects: It can cause bloating, flatulence and soft stools, and can interfere with some oral medications if taken at the same time.
It is important to take glucomannan about a half an hour before meals, with a glass of water.

 

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8. Meratrim
 

Meratrim is a relative newcomer on the diet pill market.
It is a combination of two plant extracts that may change the metabolism of fat cells.
How it works: It is claimed to make it harder for fat cells to multiply, decrease the amount of fat that they pick up from the bloodstream, and help them burn stored fat.
Effectiveness: So far, only one study has been done on Meratrim. A total of 100 obese people were placed on a strict 2000 calorie diet, with either Meratrim or a dummy pill.
After 8 weeks, the Meratrim group had lost 11 pounds (5.2 kg) of weight and 4.7 inches (11.9 cm) off their waistlines. They also had improved quality of life and reduced blood sugar, cholesterol and triglycerides.
Side effects: No side effects have been reported.

Buy now: Meratrim

 

9. Green Tea Extract
 

Green tea extract is a popular ingredient in many weight loss supplements.
This is because numerous studies have shown the main antioxidant in it, EGCG, to aid fat burning.
How it works: Green tea extract is believed to increase the activity of norepinephrine, a hormone that helps you burn fat .
Effectiveness: Many human studies have shown that green tea extract can increase fat burning and cause fat loss, especially in the belly area
Side effects: Green tea extract is generally well tolerated. It does contain some caffeine, and may cause symptoms in people who are caffeine sensitive.

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10. Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA)
 

Conjugated linoleic acid, or CLA, has been a popular fat loss supplement for years.
It is one of the "healthier" trans fats, and is found naturally in some fatty animal foods like cheese and butter.
How it works: CLA may reduce appetite, boost metabolism and stimulate the breakdown of body fat .
Effectiveness: In a major review of 18 different studies, CLA caused weight loss of about 0.2 pounds (0.1 kg) per week, for up to 6 months .
According to another review study from 2012, CLA can make you lose about 3 lbs (1.3 kg) of weight, compared to a dummy pill.
Side effects: CLA can cause various digestive side effects, and may have harmful effects over the long term, potentially contributing to fatty liver, insulin resistance and increased inflammation.

 Buy now: Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA)


11. Forskolin
 

Forskolin is an extract from a plant in the mint family, claimed to be effective for losing weight.
How it works: It is believed to raise levels of a compound inside cells called cAMP, which may stimulate fat burning
Effectiveness: One study in 30 overweight and obese men showed that forskolin reduced body fat and increased muscle mass, while having no effect on body weight. Another study in 23 overweight women found no effects
Side effects: There is very limited data on the safety of this supplement, or the risk of side effects.

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12. Bitter Orange / Synephrine
 

A type of orange called bitter orange contains the compound synephrine.
Synephrine is related to ephedrine, which used to be a popular ingredient in various weight loss pill formulations.
However, ephedrine has since been banned as a weight loss ingredient by the FDA because of serious side effects.
How it works: Synephrine shares similar mechanisms with ephedrine, but is less potent. It can reduce appetite and significantly increase fat burning .
Effectiveness: Very few studies have been done on synephrine, but ephedrine has been shown to cause significant short-term weight loss in many studies
Side effects: Like ephedrine, synephrine may have serious side effects related to the heart. It may also be addictive.

Buy now: Bitter Orange / Synephrine

Prescription Medication

Additionally, there are many prescription weight loss pills that have been shown to be effective.
The most common ones are Contrave, Belviq, Phentermine and Qsymia.
According to a recent 2014 review study, even prescription weight loss pills don't work as well as you would hope.
On average, they may help you lose up to 3-9% of body weight compared to a dummy pill
Keep in mind that this is only when combined with a healthy weight loss diet. They are ineffective on their own, and hardly a solution to obesity.
Not to mention their many side effects.

Take Home Message

Out of the 12, these are the clear winners, with the strongest evidence to back them up:
  • Weight loss: Glucomannan, CLA and Orlistat (Alli)
  • Increased fat burning: Caffeine and green tea extract
However, I have to advise against Orlistat due to the unpleasant side effects, and against CLA due to the harmful effects on metabolic health.
That leaves us with glucomannan, green tea extract and caffeine.
These supplements can be useful, but the effects are modest at best.
Unfortunately, NO supplement or pill really works that well for weight loss.
They may give your metabolism a bit of a nudge and help you lose a few pounds, but that's where it ends, unfortunately.
source : here